Points of integration

A high-level view of how knowledge and expertise might get integrated during different project phases.

Sometimes it is not easy to grasp exactly what integration might look like in a project, making it difficult to plan for. Here are six points in a project where integration might occur, from agreeing on frameworks to integrated outputs, and some examples of what that integration might look like in practice.

Integration phase Example
Agreeing on frameworks or concepts "We needed to weave together the world views of soil scientists, Māori researchers and farmers..."
Using different knowledge sources "...this drew on soil fieldwork, academic literature, matauranga Māori, and local farm knowledge."
Asking integrated research questions "We soon realised that meaningfully answering 'How does New Zealand build soil health?' relies on multiple disciplines and perspectives."
Using integrated methods, assessments and models "Part of the project involved bringing together aspects of farmer assessments and traditional soil science methods into a new approach."
Collective interpretation of results "Having farmers, Māori researchers and scientists all making sense of the results brought fresh insights..."
Integrated outputs (e.g. products) "...and ensured the research was relevant to a wider range of audiences."

More information

Methods for integration in transdisciplinary research, Integration and Implementation Insights.

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